Arthur Guinness was a brewer – business man from Dublin, Ireland. He was born in 24th of September 1725, in Celbridge, Kildare Ireland. He interfered with beer, because of his father and his godfather. His god father was the chaplain of Celbdridge, Arthur Price. In 1722 chaplain, invested in the local brewery, where he put as a production manager Arthurs’ Guinness father, Richard Guinness. Arthur Price became archbishop of Cashel in 1744. In 1752, when he died he inherited in Arthur Guinness the amount of £100, which according to his will, had to be spent in order to extend the brewery. According to history, in 1755, Arthur Guinness, bought the brewery in Leixlip just 17km from Dublin, where for five years was brewed Ale.
In 1759, he graduated and he decides to start working in bigger things. He left the brewery to his younger brother and he moved to Dublin. In 31st of December of 1759 he closed the best deal of the world. He rented for the next 9000 years over £45, one of the best breweries of Dublin, the well known St. James Gate.
photo: Metaxia Makrimihalou
In Britain as we know the kind of beer that was brewed was the top fermented, the famous Ale. Moreover they weren’t in Germany to be limited by the Reinheitsgebot. So, at that time the beers that were under demand were the Ale, the beers that were produced also by Arthur Guinness in his brewery. As he was watching the developments in the market, Arthur Guinness figured the success of the imported Porter in England and he decided to produce that famous style, changing importantly the production in 1799. Its power was of that kind that he succeeded the export of those beers from Ireland to England. The first export was made in May of 1769. The strong beers that Arthur Guinness produced became famous as “Extra Stout” Porters, which later changed in plain “Stout”.
In 1761 he got married with Olivia Whitmore, with which he got 21 kids, from which only 10 managed to rich adulthood. Since 1764 he was leaving at the north of the town, in a house that he built with his own money as a businessman. Arthur Guinness died in 23rd of January in 1803 at the age of 77 years old. Then the brewery was brewing 30000hl Porter beer per year.
Arthur Guinness is characterized as a pioneer and innovative businessman who never hesitated to take the risk. He was determined and he claimed their acquired. He never gives anything away from what he got with hard work. He was only donating at students and poor people, by giving them some of the breweries profits. He was characterized as a humanitarian due to his actions, whose work was famous around Ireland. In the history he will remain as the founder of the globally known Guinness and the visionary brewer and businessman.
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